fcfs-20231026
0000840489false00008404892023-10-262023-10-26

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549

FORM 8-K

Current Report
Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of The Securities Exchange Act of 1934

Date of Report (Date of Earliest Event Reported): October 26, 2023
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FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Delaware001-1096087-3920732
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation)(Commission File Number)(IRS Employer Identification No.)

1600 West 7th Street, Fort Worth, Texas 76102
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)

(817) 335-1100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Not Applicable
(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)

Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions:
Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)
Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))
Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $.01 per shareFCFSThe Nasdaq Stock Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company    

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    



Item 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition.

On October 26, 2023, FirstCash Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) issued a press release announcing its financial results for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2023 and the Board of Directors’ declaration of a fourth quarter cash dividend of $0.35 per common share (the “Earnings Release”). The Earnings Release is also furnished as Exhibit 99.1 to this Current Report on Form 8-K and is incorporated in Item 2.02 of this Current Report by this reference.

The information provided in this Item 2.02, including the Earnings Release attached hereto, is being “furnished” and shall not be deemed “filed” for purposes of Section 18 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or otherwise subject to the liabilities of that section, nor shall such information be deemed incorporated by reference in any filing under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, except as shall be expressly set forth by the specific reference in such filing.

Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.
(d) Exhibits:
99.1
104Cover Page Interactive Data File (embedded within the Inline XBRL document contained in Exhibit 101)


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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.
Dated: October 26, 2023FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
(Registrant)
/s/ R. DOUGLAS ORR
R. Douglas Orr
Executive Vice President and Chief Financial Officer
(As Principal Financial and Accounting Officer)

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Document


EXHIBIT 99.1
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FirstCash Reports Third Quarter Results;
Net Revenues Increase 20% Driven by Growth in Pawn and AFF Segments;
104 Pawn Stores Added in the Third Quarter through Acquisitions and Store Openings;
Upsizes Credit Facility and Declares Quarterly Cash Dividend
____________________________________________________________

Fort Worth, Texas (October 26, 2023) -- FirstCash Holdings, Inc. (“FirstCash” or the “Company”) (Nasdaq: FCFS), the leading international operator of retail pawn stores and a leading provider of retail point-of-sale (“POS”) payment solutions through American First Finance (“AFF”), today announced operating results for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2023. The Company also announced that the Board of Directors declared a quarterly cash dividend of $0.35 per share, which will be paid in November 2023.

Mr. Rick Wessel, chief executive officer, stated, “Our third quarter results were outstanding as strong growth and profitability metrics in the core pawn segments and AFF resulted in record earning assets, revenues and combined segment earnings. U.S. pawn has especially strong momentum, with pawn receivables ending the quarter up 22% in total and 11% on a same-store basis compared to the third quarter of last year. AFF further contributed to revenue and earnings growth with continued strength in originations and improved profitability over last year.

“We added 104 pawn stores during the third quarter, including 79 acquired U.S. locations and 25 de novo stores, mostly in Latin America, and are now on pace to add more than 150 total pawn stores for the full year. Coupled with strong demand in existing locations, the significant unit growth in pawn locations is expected to drive additional revenue and earnings growth in the fourth quarter and beyond.”

This release contains adjusted financial measures, which exclude certain non-operating and/or non-cash expenses, that are non-GAAP financial measures. Please refer to the descriptions and reconciliations to GAAP of these and other non-GAAP financial measures at the end of this release.
Three Months Ended September 30,
As Reported (GAAP)Adjusted (Non-GAAP)
In thousands, except per share amounts2023202220232022
Revenue$786,301 $672,143 $786,301 $679,254 
Net income$57,144 $59,316 $70,775 $61,064 
Diluted earnings per share$1.26 $1.26 $1.56 $1.30 
EBITDA (non-GAAP measure)$129,350 $119,442 $132,985 $108,848 
Weighted-average diluted shares45,374 47,022 45,374 47,022 
Nine Months Ended September 30,
As Reported (GAAP)Adjusted (Non-GAAP)
In thousands, except per share amounts2023202220232022
Revenue$2,299,662 $1,979,598 $2,299,662 $2,014,396 
Net income$149,712 $173,429 $184,028 $169,095 
Diluted earnings per share$3.27 $3.64 $4.02 $3.55 
EBITDA (non-GAAP measure)$348,291 $349,167 $350,028 $306,613 
Weighted-average diluted shares45,747 47,602 45,747 47,602 




Consolidated Operating Highlights
Consolidated gross revenues totaled $786 million in the third quarter, an increase of 17% on a GAAP basis and 16% on an adjusted basis compared to the prior-year quarter. Year-to-date revenues totaled $2.3 billion, an increase of 16% on a GAAP basis and 14% on an adjusted basis compared to the prior-year period.
Gross margin expansion helped drive third quarter and year-to-date increases of 20% and 19%, respectively, in consolidated net revenues (gross revenues less cost of sales and loss provisions) compared to the prior-year periods. Quarter-to-date and year-to-date net revenues increased 17% and 14% on an adjusted basis compared to the respective prior-year periods.
On a GAAP basis, prior-year diluted earnings per share included a significant non-cash gain ($0.34 for the 2022 third quarter and $1.43 year-to-date for 2022, net of tax) on the revaluation of contingent consideration related to the AFF acquisition. Given the significance of the prior-year non-cash gains, GAAP-basis diluted earnings per share for the third quarter of 2023 were flat compared to the prior-year quarter and decreased 10% for the year-to-date period.
Adjusted diluted earnings per share increased 20% in the third quarter compared to the prior-year quarter, excluding the non-cash revaluation gain and certain other adjustments. Year-to-date adjusted diluted earnings per share increased 13% compared to the prior-year period.
While GAAP net income for the third quarter decreased 4% over the prior-year quarter primarily due to the non-cash revaluation gain in 2022, adjusted net income, which excludes such non-cash revaluation gain and certain other adjustments as described herein, increased 16% compared to the prior-year quarter. Year-to-date net income decreased 14% on a GAAP basis and increased 9% on an adjusted basis compared to the prior-year period.
Adjusted EBITDA increased 22% in the third quarter compared to the prior-year quarter. For the twelve month period ended September 30, 2023, adjusted EBITDA totaled $481 million, an increase of 18% over the comparable prior-year period.
Operating cash flows for the twelve month period ended September 30, 2023 were $461 million and adjusted free cash flows (a non-GAAP measure) were $268 million, an increase of 12% and 7%, respectively, compared to the prior-year period.

Store Base and Platform Growth
Pawn Stores: 104 pawn locations were added in the third quarter through a combination of acquisitions and store openings. Year-to-date, a total of 140 stores have been added, bringing the total number of locations at September 30, 2023 to 2,988 locations.
By market, the Company reported the following store additions:
U.S. Pawn: 82 total stores were added in the third quarter through acquisitions and new store openings. A total of 79 stores were added through multiple acquisitions, which included locations in four new states for FirstCash (North Dakota, South Dakota, Oregon and Iowa). Three de novo locations were opened during the quarter, including two in Texas and one in Las Vegas, Nevada.
Year-to-date, the Company has added 88 locations and now has 1,181 full-service U.S. pawn locations in 29 states and the District of Columbia. This represents a 10% increase in the total number of stores compared to the same point one year ago.
The Company also purchased the underlying real estate at ten of its existing pawn stores during the third quarter. This brings the total number of owned U.S. locations to 318.
Latin America Pawn: A total of 22 de novo locations were opened in Latin America during the third quarter of 2023, which included 20 locations in Mexico and two locations in Guatemala.
Year-to-date, 52 locations have been opened in Latin America where the Company now has 1,807 total locations. The 52 de novo stores opened this year represent an 86% increase in the number of stores opened during the first nine months of 2022.
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Retail POS Payment Solutions Merchant Partnerships: AFF continued to grow market share with approximately 10,800 active retail and e-commerce merchant partner locations at September 30, 2023, representing a 26% increase in active merchant locations compared to September 30, 2022.

U.S. Pawn Segment Operating Results
Segment pre-tax operating income in the third quarter of 2023 increased $14 million, or 20%, compared to the prior-year quarter. The resulting segment pre-tax operating margin increased to 25% for the third quarter of 2023, an improvement over the 23% margin for the prior-year quarter.
Year-to-date segment pre-tax operating income increased by $30 million, or 15%, compared to the prior-year period. The resulting segment pre-tax operating margin increased to 24% for the year-to-date period, an improvement over the 23% margin for the comparable prior-year period.
Pawn fee revenue increased 18% in total and 11% on a same-store basis for the third quarter of 2023 as compared to the prior-year quarter, reflecting store growth, continued inflationary pressures driving additional pawn loan demand and increased portfolio yield driven by improved customer redemption rates.
Pawn receivables were at a record-level, increasing 22% in total at September 30, 2023 compared to the prior year. Same-store pawn receivables accelerated sequentially to an 11% quarter-over-quarter increase over the 6% quarter-over-quarter growth in the second quarter of 2023. The increase in total pawn receivables was driven by a 10% increase in total store count coupled with the strong same-store increase. The same-store increase was driven by a 7% increase in average loan size and a 4% increase in the number of loans outstanding.
Retail merchandise sales in the third quarter of 2023 increased 4% compared to the prior-year quarter and increased 2% for the year-to-date period. Same-store retail sales decreased 3% compared to the prior-year quarter, as inventory levels remain relatively constrained due to strong turn rates and lower than normal pawn forfeiture rates.
Gross profit from retail sales increased 9% in the third quarter compared to a year ago, driven by robust retail sales margins of 43% in the third quarter of 2023 compared to 41% in the prior-year quarter, reflecting continued demand for value-priced, pre-owned merchandise and low levels of aged inventory.
Annualized inventory turnover was 2.8 times for the trailing twelve months ended September 30, 2023, which was an improvement over the prior-year annualized inventory turnover of 2.7 times. Inventories aged greater than one year at September 30, 2023 remained extremely low at 1%.
Operating expenses increased 11% in total and 3% on a same-store basis in the third quarter of 2023 compared to the prior-year quarter, primarily reflecting higher store counts coupled with slight increases in wages and certain other operating costs.

Latin America Pawn Segment Operating Results
Note: Certain growth rates below are calculated on a constant currency basis, a non-GAAP financial measure defined at the end of this release. The average Mexican peso to U.S. dollar exchange rate for the third quarter of 2023 was 17.1 pesos / dollar, a favorable change of 15% versus the comparable prior-year period, and for the nine month period ended September 30, 2023 was 17.8 pesos / dollar, a favorable change of 12% versus the prior-year period.
Segment pre-tax operating income was a record $41 million in the third quarter and year-to-date was $112 million, both representing increases of 12% over the comparable prior-year periods. The earnings growth in 2023 reflects meaningful tailwind from the strength of the Mexican peso so far this year. On a currency adjusted basis, segment income declined 3% for the quarter, which was due primarily to an increased pace of store openings resulting in higher costs, along with higher year-over-year labor and other inflationary-related operating costs.
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Pawn loan fees increased 22%, or 4% on a constant currency basis, in the third quarter of 2023 as compared to the prior-year quarter, both in total and on a same-store basis, reflecting improved yields on pawn receivables.
Pawn receivables at September 30, 2023 increased 15% while remaining flat on a constant currency basis compared to the prior year. On a same-store basis, pawn receivables increased 14%, or flat on a constant currency basis, compared to the prior year. The Company believes the flattening in local currency pawn receivable growth reflects the typically short-term impact of government-mandated minimum wage and benefit increases in 2023 in Mexico which have benefited many cash-constrained consumers.
Retail merchandise sales in the third quarter of 2023 increased 23%, or 5% on a constant currency basis, compared to the prior-year quarter and increased 23% and 9%, respectively, for the year-to-date period. Same-store retail merchandise sales in the third quarter of 2023 were also up 23%, or 5% on a constant currency basis, compared to the prior-year quarter, reflective of greater liquidity for cash-constrained customers.
Retail margins were 36% for the third quarter of 2023 which was consistent with last year while representing a slight increase over the previous sequential quarter. Annualized inventory turnover was 4.3 times for the trailing twelve months ended September 30, 2023, while inventories aged greater than one year at September 30, 2023 remained extremely low at 1%.
Operating expenses increased 33% in total and 31% on a same-store basis compared to the prior-year quarter. On a constant currency basis, they increased 14% in total and 13% on a same-store basis, primarily driven by general inflationary impacts and increases in the federally mandated minimum wage and other required benefit programs and increased store openings.

Retail POS Payment Solutions Segment - American First Finance (AFF) Operating Results
Note: The reconciliations of GAAP revenues and earnings for this segment to adjusted revenues and earnings are provided and described in more detail in the Retail POS Payment Solutions Segment Results section of this release.
Third quarter segment pre-tax operating income totaled $39 million, an increase of 96% on a GAAP basis and 41% on an adjusted basis, which excludes the non-cash impacts of fair value purchase accounting requirements in the 2022 results, over the prior-year quarter. Year-to-date segment pre-tax operating income was $88 million, an increase of 141% on a GAAP basis and 13% on an adjusted basis over the prior-year period.
Segment revenues for the quarter, comprised of lease-to-own (“LTO”) fees and interest and fees on finance receivables, increased 21% on a GAAP basis and 17% on an adjusted basis, which excludes the non-cash impacts of fair value purchase accounting requirements in the 2022 results. Revenues for the year-to-date period increased 25% on a GAAP basis and 18% on an adjusted basis compared to the prior-year period.
Gross transaction volume from originated LTO and POS financing transactions totaled $251 million for the third quarter and $756 million year-to-date, representing an increase of 14% over the third quarter of last year despite a slight decline of 4.9% in same-door originations. Year-to-date gross transaction volumes were up 24% in total over the prior-year period.
Combined gross leased merchandise and finance receivables outstanding at September 30, 2023, excluding the impacts of purchase accounting, increased 15% compared to the September 30, 2022 balances.
AFF continues to provide significant up front expected lifetime loss provisioning on leased merchandise and finance receivable originations. The resulting combined loss provision on leased merchandise and finance receivables increased 13% for the quarter and 20% year-to-date, reflecting strong origination growth coupled with slightly increased provisioning rates on most products given ongoing macroeconomic uncertainties.

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The average monthly net charge-off (“NCO”) rate for combined leased merchandise and finance receivable products was 5.4% in the third quarter, which was slightly above the prior-year of 5.1%, but in line with the Company’s targeted range for NCO’s which are seasonally higher in the third quarter compared to other quarters. The combined NCO rate for the year-to-date period was 4.9% compared to the prior-year rate of 4.7%.
Operating expenses decreased 4% compared to the prior-year quarter, primarily due to lower receivable acquisition costs and the realization of information technology cost synergies from the Company’s acquisition of AFF.
Cash Flow and Liquidity
All of the Company’s business segments continue to generate significant operating cash flows. For the twelve month period ended September 30, 2023, consolidated operating cash flows totaled $461 million and adjusted free cash flows (a non-GAAP measure) were $268 million, increases of 12% and 7%, respectively, compared to the prior-year period.
In October 2023, the Company obtained a $50 million increase in lender commitments under its U.S. revolving commercial bank credit facility, increasing the size of the facility from $590 million to $640 million. The August 2027 maturity date and all financial covenants remained unchanged under the expanded U.S. facility. Coupled with its Mexico bank line of credit, which was recently renewed and extended into 2027, the Company has total lender commitments under its bank credit facilities of approximately $675 million, providing ample funding for continued growth investments and shareholder returns.
The majority (over $1 billion) of the Company’s long-term financing remains fixed rate debt with favorable interest rates ranging from 4.625% to 5.625% and maturity dates not until 2028 and 2030.
The Company’s net debt to trailing twelve months adjusted EBITDA ratio was 3.2x at September 30, 2023, which increased slightly compared to 3.1x at September 30, 2022, as increased borrowings as a result of the third quarter pawn acquisition activity was mostly offset by the 18% increase in trailing twelve months adjusted EBITDA.

Shareholder Returns
The Company repurchased 95,000 shares of common stock during the third quarter at an aggregate cost of $9 million and an average cost per share of $92.79. For the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company repurchased 1,248,000 shares of common stock at an aggregate cost of $114 million and an average cost per share of $91.58. The Company has $200 million available under the share repurchase program authorized in July 2023. Future share repurchases are subject to expected liquidity, acquisitions and other investment opportunities, debt covenant restrictions, market conditions and other relevant factors.
The Board of Directors declared a $0.35 per share fourth quarter cash dividend, which will be paid on November 30, 2023 to stockholders of record as of November 15, 2023. This represents an annualized dividend of $1.40 per share. Any future dividends are subject to approval by the Company’s Board of Directors.
The Company generated a 12% return on equity over the twelve months ended September 30, 2023 while the return on assets for the twelve months ended September 30, 2023 was 6%.

2023 Outlook
Based on strong third quarter results coupled with the recent pawn acquisitions and continued growth in earning assets, the Company’s outlook for the remainder of 2023 remains highly positive which should result in further growth in revenue and earnings across all segments for the fourth quarter and full-year. Pawn operations are expected to remain the primary earnings driver in 2023 as the Company expects segment income from the combined U.S. and Latin America pawn segments to be approximately 80% of total segment level pre-tax income for the full year.
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Anticipated conditions and trends for the remainder of 2023 include the following:
Pawn Operations:
Expected fourth quarter results in the U.S. should benefit in particular from the addition of 88 U.S. locations year-to-date, of which 82 were added in the third quarter and provided limited contribution to the reported third quarter results.
Pawn receivables at September 30, 2023 were up 22% in the U.S. and 15% in Latin America. U.S. pawn receivables continue to trend even higher thus far in October, and are now up by over 24% in total and over 12% on a same-store basis compared to the same point a year ago. The growth in pawn receivables would imply similarly expected growth in pawn fee revenue during the fourth quarter.
Given the strong growth in store counts year-to-date, fourth quarter and full year retail sales are expected to grow in both markets as well. Retail margins are anticipated to remain strong at 42% to 43% in the U.S. and 35% to 36% in Latin America.
While operating expenses are expected to rise in both the U.S. and Latin America in 2023 due to increased store counts along with continued inflationary impacts (primarily in Latin America), the Company anticipates continued operating leverage from the expected revenue growth from its pawn segments.
In addition to the acquired U.S. stores, the Company expects to add approximately 65 total new locations in 2023. Management continues to see a solid pipeline of further new store openings and potential acquisition opportunities in both the U.S. and Latin America.
POS Payment Solutions (AFF) Operations:
Transaction volumes, or originations, are now expected to increase 8% to 10% in the fourth quarter and 18% to 20% for the full year as compared to the respective prior-year periods. Resulting adjusted revenues are now forecast to grow in a range of 11% to 13% in the fourth quarter and 15% to 17% for the full year as compared to the respective prior-year periods.
The Company expects AFF's estimated lease and loan loss provisioning rates for the remainder of 2023 will continue to reflect a conservative approach with provisioning above historical pre-pandemic loss rates for most vintages. Full year provision expense is expected to increase consistently with the expected increase in originations. Operating expenses for the full year are expected to increase in the 10% to 12% range in 2023 as well, primarily due to the expected increase in origination activity.

Additional Commentary and Analysis

Mr. Wessel provided additional insights on the Company’s third quarter results, “The strong operating performance in the third quarter, highlighted by the continued acceleration of revenue growth this year, reflected outstanding performance across all business segments and the continued execution of our long-term growth strategies.

“The pawn business remains especially resilient as we continue to see increasing demand, especially in our U.S. markets, that we believe to be driven by continued inflationary pressure and signs of increased credit tightening at the subprime level. To put this in context, during 2023 same-store U.S. pawn receivables were up 5% at March 31, up 6% at June 30, and were up 11% at September 30. Of note, the pawn receivable growth in the U.S. is being driven by both the size and number of pawn loans. Furthermore, our retail inventory turns remain high with sales margins at or near record levels as our deep value pricing model and interest-free layaway programs allow us to effectively serve cash-constrained consumers in uncertain economic environments.

“We continue to invest significantly in growing our core pawn operations in both the U.S. and Latin America through both acquisitions, at reasonable purchase multiples, and new store openings. We believe both markets remain attractive for continued long-term growth based on the large addressable markets and favorable consumer demographic trends.

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“Year-to-date for 2023 we have added 140 pawn locations, and in the third quarter alone grew our store base by 104 units, which included locations in four new U.S. states which should provide further opportunities for growth in those markets through additional tuck-in openings and acquisitions. The stores acquired in the third quarter should be immediately accretive to earnings and are expected to produce over $20 million in annualized store-level EBITDA. Latin America expansion continues to re-accelerate as well, with the opening of 22 stores in the third quarter, 52 stores year-to-date and projected full year openings of 60 stores or more.

“We believe the robust store growth thus far in 2023 will provide further revenue and earnings momentum for the fourth quarter of this year and all of 2024. In addition, we continue to see meaningful opportunities to add additional locations through continued new store openings and acquisition opportunities. We also continue to strategically acquire the underlying real estate at many of our U.S. pawn locations. Year-to-date, we have acquired 24 locations and now own 318 of our U.S. locations which is EBITDA accretive and provides surety to protect from future rent increases and provides us greater strategic control of our store base.

“AFF’s third quarter results were also outstanding, driven by continued growth in new merchant doors and origination activity which drove increased revenue and profitability. While combined lease and loan charge-offs are running below internal expectations, we continue to reserve for lease and loan losses using upfront provisioning based on historical pre-pandemic loss curves coupled with overlays reflecting the current macro environment. We remain highly optimistic on AFF’s runway for long-term growth in what we believe is still an under-penetrated retail POS payment solutions market.

“With the strong operating performance to date from all segments, cash flows continue to be robust as evidenced by the $461 million of operating cash flows and $268 million of consolidated free cash flows generated over the trailing twelve months. Enabled by our dependable and growing cash flows, we recently increased the size of our U.S. bank credit facility and extended the term of the Mexico credit facility which provides further long-term capacity for strategic investments to drive shareholder returns.

“Our commitment to shareholder returns remains a key focus. Over the last twelve months, we have bought back 1,417,000 shares of common stock at a price of $128 million or $89.94 per share. In addition, we continue to pay a cash dividend which has increased every year for the past eight years.

“In summary, we believe our strong operating performance coupled with growth investments and shareholder returns will continue to drive long-term shareholder value,” concluded Mr. Wessel.

About FirstCash

FirstCash is the leading international operator of pawn stores and a leading provider of technology-driven point-of-sale payment solutions, both focused on serving cash and credit-constrained consumers. FirstCash’s more than 2,900 pawn stores in the U.S. and Latin America buy and sell a wide variety of jewelry, electronics, tools, appliances, sporting goods, musical instruments and other merchandise, and make small non-recourse pawn loans secured by pledged personal property. FirstCash, through its wholly owned subsidiary, AFF, also provides lease-to-own and retail finance payment solutions for consumer goods and services through a nationwide network of approximately 10,800 active retail merchant partner locations. As one of the largest omni-channel providers of “no credit required” payment options, AFF’s technology provides its merchant partners with seamless leasing and financing experiences in-store, online, in-cart and on mobile devices.

FirstCash is a component company in both the Standard & Poor’s MidCap 400 Index® and the Russell 2000 Index®. FirstCash’s common stock (ticker symbol “FCFS”) is traded on the Nasdaq, the creator of the world’s first electronic stock market. For additional information regarding FirstCash and the services it provides, visit FirstCash’s websites located at http://www.firstcash.com and http://www.americanfirstfinance.com.



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Forward-Looking Information

This release contains forward-looking statements about the business, financial condition, outlook and prospects of FirstCash Holdings, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiaries (together, the “Company”). Forward-looking statements, as that term is defined in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995, can be identified by the use of forward-looking terminology such as “believes,” “projects,” “expects,” “may,” “estimates,” “should,” “plans,” “targets,” “intends,” “could,” “would,” “anticipates,” “potential,” “confident,” “optimistic,” or the negative thereof, or other variations thereon, or comparable terminology, or by discussions of strategy, objectives, estimates, guidance, expectations, outlook and future plans. Forward-looking statements can also be identified by the fact that these statements do not relate strictly to historical or current matters. Rather, forward-looking statements relate to anticipated or expected events, activities, trends or results. Because forward-looking statements relate to matters that have not yet occurred, these statements are inherently subject to risks and uncertainties.

While the Company believes the expectations reflected in forward-looking statements are reasonable, there can be no assurances such expectations will prove to be accurate. Security holders are cautioned that such forward-looking statements involve risks and uncertainties. Certain factors may cause results to differ materially from those anticipated by the forward-looking statements made in this release. Such factors may include, without limitation, risks related to the extensive regulatory environment in which the Company operates; risks associated with the legal and regulatory proceedings that the Company is a party to, or may become a party to in the future, including the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “CFPB”) lawsuit filed against the Company; risks related to the Company’s acquisitions, including the failure of the Company’s acquisitions, to deliver the estimated value and benefits expected by the Company and the ability of the Company to continue to identify and consummate acquisitions on favorable terms; potential changes in consumer behavior and shopping patterns which could impact demand for the Company’s pawn loan, retail, lease-to-own and retail finance products, including, as a result to, changes in the general economic conditions; labor shortages and increased labor costs; a deterioration in the economic conditions in the United States and Latin America, including as a result of inflation and rising interest rates, which potentially could have an impact on discretionary consumer spending and demand for the Company’s products; currency fluctuations, primarily involving the Mexican peso; competition the Company faces from other retailers and providers of retail payment solutions; the ability of the Company to successfully execute on its business strategies; and other risks discussed and described in the Company’s most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”), including the risks described in Part 1, Item 1A, “Risk Factors” thereof, and other reports filed with the SEC. Many of these risks and uncertainties are beyond the ability of the Company to control, nor can the Company predict, in many cases, all of the risks and uncertainties that could cause its actual results to differ materially from those indicated by the forward-looking statements. The forward-looking statements contained in this release speak only as of the date of this release, and the Company expressly disclaims any obligation or undertaking to report any updates or revisions to any such statement to reflect any change in the Company’s expectations or any change in events, conditions or circumstances on which any such statement is based, except as required by law.
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FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(unaudited, in thousands)

 Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
 September 30,September 30,
 2023202220232022
Revenue:    
Retail merchandise sales$335,081 $300,899 $983,860 $901,975 
Pawn loan fees174,560 145,727 480,298 411,613 
Leased merchandise income189,382 158,089 562,625 455,736 
Interest and fees on finance receivables (1)
61,413 48,846 174,247 135,039 
Wholesale scrap jewelry sales25,865 18,582 98,632 75,235 
Total revenue786,301 672,143 2,299,662 1,979,598 
Cost of revenue:    
Cost of retail merchandise sold199,719 182,199 590,991 543,722 
Depreciation of leased merchandise (1)
103,698 86,519 307,824 262,830 
Provision for lease losses39,736 31,916 141,674 109,771 
Provision for loan losses33,096 31,956 90,571 83,453 
Cost of wholesale scrap jewelry sold21,405 16,261 79,012 64,371 
Total cost of revenue397,654 348,851 1,210,072 1,064,147 
Net revenue388,647 323,292 1,089,590 915,451 
Expenses and other income:    
Operating expenses211,524 185,547 615,366 539,398 
Administrative expenses45,056 36,951 124,428 110,882 
Depreciation and amortization27,365 25,971 81,526 77,495 
Interest expense24,689 18,282 66,657 50,749 
Interest income(328)(206)(1,253)(1,104)
(Gain) loss on foreign exchange
(286)255 (1,905)(198)
Merger and acquisition expenses3,387 733 3,670 1,712 
Gain on revaluation of contingent acquisition consideration
 (19,800) (82,789)
Other expenses (income), net(384)164 (260)(2,721)
Total expenses and other income311,023 247,897 888,229 693,424 
Income before income taxes77,624 75,395 201,361 222,027 
Provision for income taxes20,480 16,079 51,649 48,598 
Net income$57,144 $59,316 $149,712 $173,429 
(1)As a result of purchase accounting, AFF’s as reported amounts for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2022 contain significant fair value adjustments. See reconciliation of reported amounts to adjusted amounts excluding the impacts of purchase accounting in the “Retail POS Payment Solutions Segment Results” section elsewhere in this release.
9




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(unaudited, in thousands)
 September 30,December 31,
 202320222022
ASSETS   
Cash and cash equivalents$86,547 $100,620 $117,330 
Accounts receivable, net72,336 58,435 57,792 
Pawn loans483,785 404,227 390,617 
Finance receivables, net (1)
113,307 111,945 103,494 
Inventories314,382 295,428 288,339 
Leased merchandise, net (1)
143,169 132,097 153,302 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets21,114 38,322 19,788 
Total current assets1,234,640 1,141,074 1,130,662 
Property and equipment, net604,673 535,584 538,681 
Operating lease right of use asset312,097 299,052 307,009 
Goodwill1,713,354 1,523,699 1,581,381 
Intangible assets, net291,690 345,512 330,338 
Other assets10,057 9,133 9,415 
Deferred tax assets, net8,052 6,906 7,381 
Total assets$4,174,563 $3,860,960 $3,904,867 
LIABILITIES AND STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY   
Accounts payable and accrued liabilities$146,873 $175,964 $139,460 
Customer deposits and prepayments71,752 63,066 63,125 
Lease liability, current98,745 91,115 92,944 
Total current liabilities317,370 330,145 295,529 
Revolving unsecured credit facilities560,229 338,000 339,000 
Senior unsecured notes1,037,151 1,035,226 1,035,698 
Deferred tax liabilities, net139,713 155,263 151,759 
Lease liability, non-current202,516 197,171 203,115 
Total liabilities2,256,979 2,055,805 2,025,101 
Stockholders’ equity:   
Common stock573 573 573 
Additional paid-in capital1,737,497 1,732,500 1,734,528 
Retained earnings1,164,228 995,669 1,060,603 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(64,521)(127,366)(106,573)
Common stock held in treasury, at cost(920,193)(796,221)(809,365)
Total stockholders’ equity1,917,584 1,805,155 1,879,766 
Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity$4,174,563 $3,860,960 $3,904,867 

(1)As a result of purchase accounting, AFF’s September 30, 2022 as reported earning asset balances contain significant fair value adjustments, which were fully amortized during 2022. See reconciliation of reported AFF earning asset balances to AFF earning asset balances adjusted to exclude the impacts of purchase accounting in the “Retail POS Payment Solutions Segment Results” section elsewhere in this release.
10




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION
(UNAUDITED)

The Company’s reportable segments are as follows:

U.S. pawn
Latin America pawn
Retail POS payment solutions (AFF)

The Company provides revenues, cost of revenues, operating expenses, pre-tax operating income and earning assets by segment. Operating expenses include salary and benefit expenses of pawn store-level employees, occupancy costs, bank charges, security, insurance, utilities, supplies and other costs incurred by the pawn stores. Additionally, costs incurred in operating AFF have been classified as operating expenses, which include salary and benefit expenses of certain operations-focused departments, merchant partner incentives, bank and other payment processing charges, credit reporting costs, information technology costs, advertising costs and other operational costs incurred by AFF. Administrative expenses and amortization expense of intangible assets related to the purchase of AFF are not included in the segment pre-tax operating income.

U.S. Pawn Segment Results

U.S. Pawn Operating Results and Margins (dollars in thousands)

Three Months Ended
September 30,
20232022Increase
Revenue:
Retail merchandise sales$203,769 $195,854 %
Pawn loan fees114,022 96,222 18 %
Wholesale scrap jewelry sales17,140 12,956 32 %
Total revenue334,931 305,032 10 %
Cost of revenue:  
Cost of retail merchandise sold115,670 114,899 %
Cost of wholesale scrap jewelry sold14,297 11,338 26 %
Total cost of revenue129,967 126,237 %
Net revenue204,964 178,795 15 %
Segment expenses:  
Operating expenses113,976 102,508 11 %
Depreciation and amortization6,586 5,806 13 %
Total segment expenses120,562 108,314 11 %
Segment pre-tax operating income$84,402 $70,481 20 %
Operating metrics:
Retail merchandise sales margin43 %41 %
Net revenue margin61 %59 %
Segment pre-tax operating margin25 %23 %



11




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Nine Months Ended
September 30,
20232022
Increase
Revenue:
Retail merchandise sales$610,493 $596,165 %
Pawn loan fees315,679 274,304 15 %
Wholesale scrap jewelry sales61,108 45,153 35 %
Total revenue987,280 915,622 %
Cost of revenue:  
Cost of retail merchandise sold349,138 349,007 — %
Cost of wholesale scrap jewelry sold49,604 39,150 27 %
Total cost of revenue398,742 388,157 %
Net revenue588,538 527,465 12 %
Segment expenses:  
Operating expenses331,916 302,572 10 %
Depreciation and amortization18,786 17,261 %
Total segment expenses350,702 319,833 10 %
Segment pre-tax operating income$237,836 $207,632 15 %
Operating metrics:
Retail merchandise sales margin43 %41 %
Net revenue margin60 %58 %
Segment pre-tax operating margin24 %23 %
12




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

U.S. Pawn Earning Assets and Portfolio Metrics (dollars in thousands, except as otherwise noted)

As of September 30,
 20232022Increase
Earning assets:
Pawn loans$341,123 $279,645 22 %
Inventories217,406 204,359 %
$558,529 $484,004 15 %
Average outstanding pawn loan amount (in ones)$245 $232 %
Composition of pawn collateral:
General merchandise31 %32 %
Jewelry69 %68 %
 100 %100 %
Composition of inventories:
General merchandise45 %43 %
Jewelry55 %57 %
100 %100 %
Percentage of inventory aged greater than one year1 %%
Inventory turns (trailing twelve months cost of merchandise sales divided by average inventories)2.8 times2.7 times




13




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Latin America Pawn Segment Results

Constant currency results are non-GAAP financial measures, which exclude the effects of foreign currency translation and are calculated by translating current-year results at prior-year average exchange rates. See the “Constant Currency Results” section below for additional discussion of constant currency operating results.

Latin America Pawn Operating Results and Margins (dollars in thousands)

Constant Currency Basis
Three Months
Ended
Three Months EndedSeptember 30,Increase /
September 30,2023(Decrease)
 20232022Increase(Non-GAAP)(Non-GAAP)
Revenue:
Retail merchandise sales$132,784 $107,591 23 %$113,130 %
Pawn loan fees60,538 49,505 22 %51,468 %
Wholesale scrap jewelry sales8,725 5,626 55 %8,725 55 %
Total revenue202,047 162,722 24 %173,323 %
Cost of revenue:   
Cost of retail merchandise sold84,816 68,642 24 %72,336 %
Cost of wholesale scrap jewelry sold7,108 4,923 44 %6,023 22 %
Total cost of revenue91,924 73,565 25 %78,359 %
Net revenue110,123 89,157 24 %94,964 %
Segment expenses:   
Operating expenses63,907 47,979 33 %54,807 14 %
Depreciation and amortization5,236 4,566 15 %4,508 (1)%
Total segment expenses69,143 52,545 32 %59,315 13 %
Segment pre-tax operating income$40,980 $36,612 12 %$35,649 (3)%
Operating metrics:
Retail merchandise sales margin36 %36 %36 %
Net revenue margin55 %55 %55 %
Segment pre-tax operating margin20 %22 %21 %
14




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Constant Currency Basis
Nine Months
Ended
Nine Months EndedSeptember 30,
September 30,2023Increase
 20232022Increase(Non-GAAP)(Non-GAAP)
Revenue:
Retail merchandise sales$378,302 $308,356 23 %$335,675 %
Pawn loan fees164,619 137,309 20 %145,876 %
Wholesale scrap jewelry sales37,524 30,082 25 %37,524 25 %
Total revenue580,445 475,747 22 %519,075 %
Cost of revenue:   
Cost of retail merchandise sold244,439 196,057 25 %217,075 11 %
Cost of wholesale scrap jewelry sold29,408 25,221 17 %25,945 %
Total cost of revenue273,847 221,278 24 %243,020 10 %
Net revenue306,598 254,469 20 %276,055 %
Segment expenses:   
Operating expenses179,170 141,574 27 %160,068 13 %
Depreciation and amortization15,884 13,520 17 %14,306 %
Total segment expenses195,054 155,094 26 %174,374 12 %
Segment pre-tax operating income
$111,544 $99,375 12 %$101,681 %
Operating metrics:
Retail merchandise sales margin35 %36 %35 %
Net revenue margin53 %53 %53 %
Segment pre-tax operating margin19 %21 %20 %


15




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Latin America Pawn Earning Assets and Portfolio Metrics (dollars in thousands, except as otherwise noted)

Constant Currency Basis
As of
September 30,Increase /
As of September 30,2023(Decrease)
 20232022Increase(Non-GAAP)(Non-GAAP)
Earning assets:
Pawn loans$142,662 $124,582 15 %$124,622 — %
Inventories96,976 91,069 %84,711 (7)%
$239,638 $215,651 11 %$209,333 (3)%
Average outstanding pawn loan amount (in ones)$89 $79 13 %$78 (1)%
Composition of pawn collateral:
General merchandise66 %69 %
Jewelry34 %31 %
100 %100 %
Composition of inventories:
General merchandise68 %71 %
Jewelry32 %29 %
100 %100 %
Percentage of inventory aged greater than one year1 %%
Inventory turns (trailing twelve months cost of merchandise sales divided by average inventories)4.3 times4.0 times

16




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Retail POS Payment Solutions Segment Results

Retail POS Payment Solutions Operating Results (dollars in thousands)

Adjusted (1)
Three Months
Ended
Three Months EndedSeptember 30,Increase /
September 30,Increase /2022(Decrease)
 20232022(Decrease)(Non-GAAP)(Non-GAAP)
Revenue:
Leased merchandise income$189,382 $158,089 20 %$158,089 20 %
Interest and fees on finance receivables61,413 48,846 26 %55,957 10 %
Total revenue250,795 206,935 21 %214,046 17 %
Cost of revenue:   
Depreciation of leased merchandise104,198 86,703 20 %85,864 21 %
Provision for lease losses39,640 32,350 23 %32,350 23 %
Provision for loan losses33,096 31,956 %31,956 %
Total cost of revenue176,934 151,009 17 %150,170 18 %
Net revenue73,861 55,926 32 %63,876 16 %
Segment expenses:   
Operating expenses33,641 35,060 (4)%35,060 (4)%
Depreciation and amortization771 775 (1)%775 (1)%
Total segment expenses34,412 35,835 (4)%35,835 (4)%
Segment pre-tax operating income$39,449 $20,091 96 %$28,041 41 %

(1)As a result of purchase accounting, AFF’s as reported amounts for the three months ended September 30, 2022 contain significant fair value adjustments. The adjusted amounts for the three months ended September 30, 2022 exclude these fair value purchase accounting adjustments.

17




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Adjusted (1)
Nine Months
Ended
Nine Months EndedSeptember 30,
September 30,2022Increase
 20232022Increase(Non-GAAP)(Non-GAAP)
Revenue:
Leased merchandise income$562,625 $455,736 23 %$455,736 23 %
Interest and fees on finance receivables174,247 135,039 29 %169,837 %
Total revenue736,872 590,775 25 %625,573 18 %
Cost of revenue:   
Depreciation of leased merchandise309,432 263,014 18 %256,218 21 %
Provision for lease losses141,854 110,205 29 %110,205 29 %
Provision for loan losses90,571 83,453 %83,453 %
Total cost of revenue541,857 456,672 19 %449,876 20 %
Net revenue195,015 134,103 45 %175,697 11 %
Segment expenses:   
Operating expenses104,280 95,252 %95,252 %
Depreciation and amortization2,258 2,156 %2,156 %
Total segment expenses106,538 97,408 %97,408 %
Segment pre-tax operating income$88,477 $36,695 141 %$78,289 13 %

(1)As a result of purchase accounting, AFF’s as reported amounts for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 contain significant fair value adjustments. The adjusted amounts for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 exclude these fair value purchase accounting adjustments.

18




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Retail POS Payment Solutions Gross Transaction Volumes (dollars in thousands)

Three Months Ended
September 30,
20232022Increase
Leased merchandise$147,513 $136,219 %
Finance receivables103,183 84,552 22 %
Total gross transaction volume$250,696 $220,771 14 %

Nine Months Ended
September 30,
20232022Increase
Leased merchandise$452,792 $371,935 22 %
Finance receivables303,485 239,618 27 %
Total gross transaction volume$756,277 $611,553 24 %

Retail POS Payment Solutions Earning Assets (dollars in thousands)

Adjusted (2)
As of
September 30,
As of September 30,2022Increase
 20232022Increase(Non-GAAP)(Non-GAAP)
Leased merchandise, net:
Leased merchandise, before allowance for lease losses$250,298 $210,703 19 %$217,412 15 %
Less allowance for lease losses(105,472)(78,020)35 %(85,630)23 %
Leased merchandise, net (1)
$144,826 $132,683 %$131,782 10 %
Finance receivables, net:
Finance receivables, before allowance for loan losses$209,991 $190,358 10 %$182,500 15 %
Less allowance for loan losses(96,684)(78,413)23 %(78,413)23 %
Finance receivables, net$113,307 $111,945 %$104,087 %

(1)Includes $1.7 million and $0.6 million of intersegment transactions as of September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, related to the Company offering AFF’s LTO payment solution as a payment option in its U.S. pawn stores that are eliminated upon consolidation. Excluding the intersegment transactions, consolidated net leased merchandise as of September 30, 2023 and 2022 totaled $143.2 million and $132.1 million, respectively.

(2)As a result of purchase accounting, AFF’s September 30, 2022 as reported earning assets contain significant fair value adjustments, which were fully amortized during 2022. The adjusted amounts as of September 30, 2022 exclude these fair value purchase accounting adjustments.


19




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Allowance for Lease and Loan Losses and Other Portfolio Metrics (dollars in thousands)

Adjusted (5)
Three Months
Ended
Three Months EndedSeptember 30,
September 30,2022Increase
 20232022Increase(Non-GAAP)(Non-GAAP)
Allowance for lease losses:
Balance at beginning of period$110,964 $69,101 61 %$86,014 29 %
Provision for lease losses (1)
39,640 32,350 23 %32,350 23 %
Charge-offs(46,794)(24,551)91 %(33,854)38 %
Recoveries1,662 1,120 48 %1,120 48 %
Balance at end of period$105,472 $78,020 35 %$85,630 23 %
Leased merchandise portfolio metrics:
Provision expense as percentage of originations (2)
27 %24 %
Average monthly net charge-off rate (3)
5.9 %5.2 %
Delinquency rate (4)
21.1 %18.9 %
Allowance for loan losses:
Balance at beginning of period$93,054 $73,936 26 %
Provision for loan losses33,096 31,956 %
Charge-offs(30,890)(28,642)%
Recoveries1,424 1,163 22 %
Balance at end of period$96,684 $78,413 23 %
Finance receivables portfolio metrics:
Provision expense as a percentage of originations (2)
32 %38 %
Average monthly net charge-off rate (3)
4.7 %5.0 %
Delinquency rate (4)
19.4 %19.2 %

(1)Includes $0.1 million of provision reduction and $0.4 million of provision increase from intersegment transactions for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, related to the Company offering AFF’s LTO payment solution as a payment option in its U.S. pawn stores that are eliminated upon consolidation. Excluding the intersegment transactions, the provision for lease losses for the three months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 totaled $39.7 million and $31.9 million, respectively.

(2)Calculated as provision for lease or loan losses as a percentage of the respective gross transaction volume originated.

(3)Calculated as charge-offs, net of recoveries, as a percentage of the respective average earning asset balance before allowance for lease or loan losses (adjusted to exclude any fair value purchase accounting adjustments, as applicable).

(4)Calculated as the percentage of the respective contractual earning asset balance owed that is 1 to 89 days past due (the Company charges off leases and finance receivables when they are 90 days or more contractually past due).

(5)As a result of purchase accounting, AFF’s as reported allowance for lease losses for the three months ended September 30, 2022 contains significant fair value adjustments. The adjusted amounts for the three months ended September 30, 2022 exclude these fair value purchase accounting adjustments. As a result of the significance of these accounting adjustments, the Company does not believe that the unadjusted leased merchandise portfolio metrics for the three months ended September 30, 2022 provide a useful comparison against the September 30, 2023 amounts.
20




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
OPERATING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Adjusted (5)
Nine Months
Ended
Nine Months EndedSeptember 30,
September 30,Increase /2022Increase
 20232022(Decrease)(Non-GAAP)(Non-GAAP)
Allowance for lease losses:
Balance at beginning of period$79,576 $5,442 1,362 %$66,968 19 %
Provision for lease losses (1)
141,854 110,205 29 %110,205 29 %
Charge-offs(120,966)(40,872)196 %(94,788)28 %
Recoveries5,008 3,245 54 %3,245 54 %
Balance at end of period$105,472 $78,020 35 %$85,630 23 %
Leased merchandise portfolio metrics:
Provision expense as percentage of originations (2)
31 %30 %
Average monthly net charge-off rate (3)
5.3 %4.8 %
Delinquency rate (4)
21.1 %18.9 %
Allowance for loan losses:
Balance at beginning of period$84,833 $75,574 12 %
Provision for loan losses90,571 83,453 %
Charge-offs(83,281)(84,629)(2)%
Recoveries4,561 4,015 14 %
Balance at end of period$96,684 $78,413 23 %
Finance receivables portfolio metrics:
Provision expense as a percentage of originations (2)
30 %35 %
Average monthly net charge-off rate (3)
4.4 %4.5 %
Delinquency rate (4)
19.4 %19.2 %

(1)Includes $0.2 million and $0.4 million of provision increase from intersegment transactions for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022, respectively, related to the Company offering AFF’s LTO payment solution as a payment option in its U.S. pawn stores that are eliminated upon consolidation. Excluding the intersegment transactions, the provision for lease losses for the nine months ended September 30, 2023 and 2022 totaled $141.7 million and $109.8 million, respectively.

(2)Calculated as provision for lease or loan losses as a percentage of the respective gross transaction volume originated.

(3)Calculated as charge-offs, net of recoveries, as a percentage of the respective average earning asset balance before allowance for lease or loan losses (adjusted to exclude any fair value purchase accounting adjustments, as applicable).

(4)Calculated as the percentage of the respective contractual earning asset balance owed that is 1 to 89 days past due (the Company charges off leases and finance receivables when they are 90 days or more contractually past due).

(5)As a result of purchase accounting, AFF’s as reported allowance for lease losses for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 contains significant fair value adjustments. The adjusted amounts for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 exclude these fair value purchase accounting adjustments. As a result of the significance of these accounting adjustments, the Company does not believe that the unadjusted leased merchandise portfolio metrics for the nine months ended September 30, 2022 provide a useful comparison against the September 30, 2023 amounts.

21




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
PAWN STORE LOCATIONS AND MERCHANT PARTNER LOCATIONS

Pawn Operations

As of September 30, 2023, the Company operated 2,988 pawn store locations comprised of 1,181 stores in 29 U.S. states and the District of Columbia, 1,715 stores in 32 states in Mexico, 64 stores in Guatemala, 14 stores in Colombia and 14 stores in El Salvador.

The following tables detail pawn store count activity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2023:

Three Months Ended September 30, 2023
 U.S.Latin AmericaTotal
Total locations, beginning of period1,101 1,788 2,889 
New locations opened (1)
22 25 
Locations acquired79 — 79 
Consolidation of existing pawn locations (2)
(2)(3)(5)
Total locations, end of period1,181 1,807 2,988 
Nine Months Ended September 30, 2023
 U.S.Latin AmericaTotal
Total locations, beginning of period1,101 1,771 2,872 
New locations opened (1)
52 57 
Locations acquired83 — 83 
Consolidation of existing pawn locations (2)
(8)(16)(24)
Total locations, end of period1,181 1,807 2,988 

(1)In addition to new store openings, the Company strategically relocated one store in the U.S. during the three months ended September 30, 2023. During the nine months ended September 30, 2023, the Company strategically relocated three stores in the U.S. and two stores in Latin America.

(2)Store consolidations were primarily acquired locations over the past seven years which have been combined with overlapping stores and for which the Company expects to maintain a significant portion of the acquired customer base in the consolidated location.

POS Payment Solutions

As of September 30, 2023, AFF provided LTO and retail POS payment solutions for consumer goods and services through a network of approximately 10,800 active retail merchant partner locations located in all 50 U.S. states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico.






22




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
TO GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
(UNAUDITED)

The Company uses certain financial calculations such as adjusted net income, adjusted diluted earnings per share, EBITDA, adjusted EBITDA, free cash flow, adjusted free cash flow, adjusted retail POS payment solutions segment metrics and constant currency results as factors in the measurement and evaluation of the Company’s operating performance and period-over-period growth. The Company derives these financial calculations on the basis of methodologies other than generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”), primarily by excluding from a comparable GAAP measure certain items the Company does not consider to be representative of its actual operating performance. These financial calculations are “non-GAAP financial measures” as defined under the SEC rules. The Company uses these non-GAAP financial measures in operating its business because management believes they are less susceptible to variances in actual operating performance that can result from the excluded items, other infrequent charges and currency fluctuations. The Company presents these financial measures to investors because management believes they are useful to investors in evaluating the primary factors that drive the Company’s core operating performance and provide greater transparency into the Company’s results of operations. However, items that are excluded and other adjustments and assumptions that are made in calculating these non-GAAP financial measures are significant components in understanding and assessing the Company’s financial performance. These non-GAAP financial measures should be evaluated in conjunction with, and are not a substitute for, the Company’s GAAP financial measures. Further, because these non-GAAP financial measures are not determined in accordance with GAAP and are thus susceptible to varying calculations, the non-GAAP financial measures, as presented, may not be comparable to other similarly-titled measures of other companies.

While acquisitions are an important part of the Company’s overall strategy, the Company has adjusted the applicable financial calculations to exclude merger and acquisition expenses, including the Company’s transaction expenses incurred in connection with its acquisition of AFF and the impacts of purchase accounting with respect to the AFF acquisition, in order to allow more accurate comparisons of the financial results to prior periods. In addition, the Company does not consider these merger and acquisition expenses to be related to the organic operations of the acquired businesses or its continuing operations, and such expenses are generally not relevant to assessing or estimating the long-term performance of the acquired businesses. Merger and acquisition expenses include incremental costs directly associated with merger and acquisition activities, including professional fees, legal expenses, severance, retention and other employee-related costs, contract breakage costs and costs related to the consolidation of technology systems and corporate facilities, among others.

The Company has certain leases in Mexico which are denominated in U.S. dollars. The lease liability of these U.S.-dollar-denominated leases, which is considered a monetary liability, is remeasured into Mexican pesos using current period exchange rates, resulting in the recognition of foreign currency exchange gains or losses. The Company has adjusted the applicable financial measures to exclude these remeasurement gains or losses (i) because they are non-cash, non-operating items that could create volatility in the Company’s consolidated results of operations due to the magnitude of the end of period lease liability being remeasured and (ii) to improve comparability of current periods presented with prior periods.

In conjunction with the Cash America merger in 2016, the Company recorded certain lease intangibles related to above- or below-market lease liabilities of Cash America, which are included in the operating lease right of use asset on the consolidated balance sheets. As the Company continues to opportunistically purchase real estate from landlords at certain Cash America stores, the associated lease intangible, if any, is written off and gain or loss is recognized. The Company has adjusted the applicable financial measures to exclude these gains or losses given the variability in size and timing of these transactions and because they are non-cash, non-operating gains or losses. The Company believes this improves comparability of operating results for current periods presented with prior periods.

23




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
TO GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Diluted Earnings Per Share

Management believes the presentation of adjusted net income and adjusted diluted earnings per share provides investors with greater transparency and provides a more complete understanding of the Company’s financial performance and prospects for the future by excluding items that management believes are non-operating in nature and not representative of the Company’s core operating performance. In addition, management believes the adjustments shown below are useful to investors in order to allow them to compare the Company’s financial results for the current periods presented with the prior periods presented.

The following table provides a reconciliation between net income and diluted earnings per share calculated in accordance with GAAP to adjusted net income and adjusted diluted earnings per share, which are shown net of tax (in thousands, except per share amounts):

Three Months Ended September 30,Nine Months Ended September 30,
 2023202220232022
In ThousandsPer ShareIn ThousandsPer ShareIn ThousandsPer ShareIn ThousandsPer Share
Net income and diluted earnings per share, as reported
$57,144 $1.26 $59,316 $1.26 $149,712 $3.27 $173,429 $3.64 
Adjustments, net of tax:
Merger and acquisition expenses2,605 0.06 564 0.01 2,818 0.06 1,317 0.03 
Non-cash foreign currency loss (gain) related to lease liability
442 0.01 251 0.01 (1,171)(0.03)(245)(0.01)
AFF purchase accounting adjustments (1)
10,880 0.24 17,036 0.36 32,869 0.72 64,772 1.36 
Gain on revaluation of contingent acquisition consideration
  (16,229)(0.34)  (68,083)(1.43)
Other expenses (income), net
(296)(0.01)126 — (200) (2,095)(0.04)
Adjusted net income and diluted earnings per share
$70,775 $1.56 $61,064 $1.30 $184,028 $4.02 $169,095 $3.55 

(1)See detail of the AFF purchase accounting adjustments in tables below.

24




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
TO GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

The following tables provide a reconciliation of the gross amounts, the impact of income taxes and the net amounts for the adjustments included in the table above (in thousands):

Three Months Ended September 30,
 20232022
Pre-taxTaxAfter-taxPre-taxTaxAfter-tax
Merger and acquisition expenses$3,387 $782 $2,605 $733 $169 $564 
Non-cash foreign currency loss related to lease liability
632 190 442 359 108 251 
AFF purchase accounting adjustments (1)
14,130 3,250 10,880 22,125 5,089 17,036 
Gain on revaluation of contingent acquisition consideration
   (19,800)(3,571)(16,229)
Other expenses (income), net(384)(88)(296)164 38 126 
Total adjustments$17,765 $4,134 $13,631 $3,581 $1,833 $1,748 

Nine Months Ended September 30,
20232022
Pre-taxTaxAfter-taxPre-taxTaxAfter-tax
Merger and acquisition expenses$3,670 $852 $2,818 $1,712 $395 $1,317 
Non-cash foreign currency gain related to lease liability
(1,673)(502)(1,171)(350)(105)(245)
AFF purchase accounting adjustments (1)
42,688 9,819 32,869 84,120 19,348 64,772 
Gain on revaluation of contingent acquisition consideration
   (82,789)(14,706)(68,083)
Other expenses (income), net(260)(60)(200)(2,721)(626)(2,095)
Total adjustments$44,425 $10,109 $34,316 $(28)$4,306 $(4,334)

(1)The following table details AFF purchase accounting adjustments (in thousands):

Three Months Ended September 30,
 20232022
Pre-taxTaxAfter-taxPre-taxTaxAfter-tax
Amortization of fair value adjustment on acquired finance receivables
$ $ $ $7,111 $1,635 $5,476 
Amortization of fair value adjustment on acquired leased merchandise   839 194 645 
Amortization of acquired intangible assets14,130 3,250 10,880 14,175 3,260 10,915 
Total AFF purchase accounting adjustments$14,130 $3,250 $10,880 $22,125 $5,089 $17,036 




25




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
TO GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Nine Months Ended September 30,
 20232022
Pre-taxTaxAfter-taxPre-taxTaxAfter-tax
Amortization of fair value adjustment on acquired finance receivables
$ $ $ $34,798 $8,004 $26,794 
Amortization of fair value adjustment on acquired leased merchandise   6,796 1,564 5,232 
Amortization of acquired intangible assets42,688 9,819 32,869 42,526 9,780 32,746 
Total AFF purchase accounting adjustments$42,688 $9,819 $32,869 $84,120 $19,348 $64,772 
26




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
TO GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Earnings Before Interest, Taxes, Depreciation and Amortization (EBITDA) and Adjusted EBITDA

The Company defines EBITDA as net income before income taxes, depreciation and amortization, interest expense and interest income and adjusted EBITDA as EBITDA adjusted for certain items, as listed below, that management considers to be non-operating in nature and not representative of its actual operating performance. The Company believes EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA are commonly used by investors to assess a company’s financial performance, and adjusted EBITDA is used as a starting point in the calculation of the consolidated total debt ratio as defined in the Company’s senior unsecured notes. The following table provides a reconciliation of net income to EBITDA and adjusted EBITDA (in thousands):
    
Trailing Twelve
 Three Months EndedNine Months EndedMonths Ended
September 30,September 30,September 30,
202320222023202220232022
Net income$57,144 $59,316 $149,712 $173,429 $229,778 $202,800 
Provision for income taxes20,480 16,079 51,649 48,598 73,189 56,357 
Depreciation and amortization27,365 25,971 81,526 77,495 107,863 90,670 
Interest expense24,689 18,282 66,657 50,749 86,616 60,746 
Interest income(328)(206)(1,253)(1,104)(1,462)(1,380)
EBITDA
129,350 119,442 348,291 349,167 495,984 409,193 
Adjustments:
Merger and acquisition expenses3,387 733 3,670 1,712 5,697 15,897 
Non-cash foreign currency loss (gain) related to lease liability
632 359 (1,673)(350)(2,652)(72)
AFF purchase accounting adjustments (1)
 7,950  41,594 8,760 87,956 
Gain on revaluation of contingent acquisition consideration
 (19,800) (82,789)(26,760)(100,660)
Other expenses (income), net(384)164 (260)(2,721)(270)(3,412)
Adjusted EBITDA
$132,985 $108,848 $350,028 $306,613 $480,759 $408,902 

(1)Excludes $14 million, $43 million and $57 million of amortization expense related to identifiable intangible assets as a result of the AFF acquisition for the three months, nine months and trailing twelve months ended September 30, 2023, respectively, which is included in the add back of depreciation and amortization to net income used to calculate EBITDA. Excludes $14 million, $43 million and $45 million of amortization expense related to identifiable intangible assets as a result of the AFF acquisition for the three months, nine months and trailing twelve months ended September 30, 2022, respectively, which is included in the add back of depreciation and amortization to net income used to calculate EBITDA.

27




FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
TO GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Free Cash Flow and Adjusted Free Cash Flow

For purposes of its internal liquidity assessments, the Company considers free cash flow and adjusted free cash flow. The Company defines free cash flow as cash flow from operating activities less purchases of furniture, fixtures, equipment and improvements and net fundings/repayments of pawn loan and finance receivables, which are considered to be operating in nature by the Company but are included in cash flow from investing activities. Adjusted free cash flow is defined as free cash flow adjusted for merger and acquisition expenses paid that management considers to be non-operating in nature.

Free cash flow and adjusted free cash flow are commonly used by investors as additional measures of cash, generated by business operations, that may be used to repay scheduled debt maturities and debt service or, following payment of such debt obligations and other non-discretionary items, that may be available to invest in future growth through new business development activities or acquisitions, repurchase stock, pay cash dividends or repay debt obligations prior to their maturities. These metrics can also be used to evaluate the Company’s ability to generate cash flow from business operations and the impact that this cash flow has on the Company’s liquidity. However, free cash flow and adjusted free cash flow have limitations as analytical tools and should not be considered in isolation or as a substitute for cash flow from operating activities or other income statement data prepared in accordance with GAAP. The following table reconciles cash flow from operating activities to free cash flow and adjusted free cash flow (in thousands):

Trailing Twelve
Three Months EndedNine Months EndedMonths Ended
September 30,September 30,September 30,
202320222023202220232022
Cash flow from operating activities$111,368 $99,031 $317,037 $325,798 $460,544 $411,252 
Cash flow from certain investing activities:
Pawn loans, net (1)
(59,614)(42,442)(59,426)(74,707)(20,536)(77,410)
Finance receivables, net(30,869)(26,088)(87,994)(49,634)(123,713)(55,478)
Purchases of furniture, fixtures, equipment and improvements(18,375)(9,944)(46,723)(29,630)(52,679)(40,044)
Free cash flow2,510 20,557 122,894 171,827 263,616 238,320 
Merger and acquisition expenses paid, net of tax benefit2,605 564 2,818 1,317 4,379 12,239 
Adjusted free cash flow$5,115 $21,121 $125,712 $173,144 $267,995 $250,559 

(1)Includes the funding of new loans net of cash repayments and recovery of principal through the sale of inventories acquired from forfeiture of pawn collateral.



28





FIRSTCASH HOLDINGS, INC.
RECONCILIATIONS OF NON-GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES
TO GAAP FINANCIAL MEASURES (CONTINUED)
(UNAUDITED)

Retail POS Payment Solutions Segment Purchase Accounting Adjustments

Management believes the presentation of certain retail POS payment solutions segment metrics, adjusted to exclude the impacts of purchase accounting, provides investors with greater transparency and provides a more complete understanding of AFF’s financial performance and prospects for the future by excluding the impacts of purchase accounting, which management believes is non-operating in nature and not representative of AFF’s core operating performance. See the retail POS payment solutions segment tables elsewhere in this release for additional reconciliation of certain amounts adjusted to exclude the impacts of purchase accounting to as reported GAAP amounts.

Additionally, the following table provides reconciliations of total revenue and total net revenue, presented in accordance with GAAP, to adjusted total revenue and adjusted net revenue, which excludes the impacts of purchase accounting (in thousands):

Three Months EndedNine Months Ended
September 30,September 30,
 2023202220232022
Total revenue, as reported$786,301 $672,143 $2,299,662 $1,979,598 
AFF purchase accounting adjustments (1)